New Zealand &100% Purebred Kiko Goats
Keeping goats implies different things to different people. Goats, like cattle, are grown for either meat or milk.
However, goat farmers also breed these animals for their hair, to manufacture truly soft leather from their hide, to collect their droppings for fertilizer and an alternative fuel, and to just rent them out to clear dense plots of land.
Goat keepers who grow goats only for the purpose of selling them are known as breeders, but they are also widely referred to as goat farmers.
Meat and dairy goat farming is more than any of the other forms of goat-related agriculture businesses mentioned above.
Goat prices vary not only by location, but also by breed, sex, and age. A rare, heritage, excellent meat, or dairy-producing goat breed will command a greater price than a common breed.
Except for unusual goat breeds, the average price ranges from $100 to $300. Female goats, particularly ones that have previously been impregnated, are frequently more expensive than males.
Pygmy and Nigerian Dwarf goats can often command high goat prices because they are frequently maintained as farm pets and can be raised on small homesteads.
Even in tiny towns or suburban backyards, they make an excellent first animal for 4-H participants. I raise both breeds of goats and have never had to wait more than three hours to sell any animal I advertised on Facebook in local online livestock, agricultural, or goat groups.
When selling live goats as part of a breeding business, the time of year might also affect the price.
The price of all species of cattle typically lowers in the late fall because butchering season is finished and the buyer would incur the additional expense of wintering the animal over.
When purchasing a breeding pair to develop a meat or dairy herd, the cost may be higher than the average shown above.
You should thoroughly study the breeder and inspect the parents, if they are present, as well as any pedigree certificates.
A livestock auction is always a possibility for getting lower goat costs, but you usually get what you paid for and may not even be able to review, let alone verify, lineage or immunization documents before bidding.
In recent years, there has been an upsurge in demand for goat meat in the United States, prompting more farmers and homesteaders to add high-quality meat goats to their livestock operations.
When the meat obtained comes from "kids" or young goats, the meat is referred to as cabrito, chevon, or Natale.
Because larger livestock can be farmed more affordably on the many industrial farms that have replaced family farms across America, beef from cattle is often less expensive to purchase than goat meat.
Setting up cattle in a feedlot dramatically saves the expense of both feeding them and ensuring that they are cared for by workers.
Goats, unlike cattle, do not graze for food but rather browse for it. Browsing is a cross between grazing and foraging. Small goat farmers and homesteaders, on the other hand, find goats to be one of the most cost-effective meat producers.
What accounts for the disparity? Goats are either free-ranged or caged on family-owned farms and homesteads so that they have free access to low-quality brush and grass that cattle and horses refuse to consume.
Meat goats are frequently slaughtered before reaching the age of 12 months. Male goats are routinely banded on a meat goat farm. This classifies them as wethers because they will be butchered for meat rather than employed as a breeding Billy goat (or buck).
When a kid from a standard-sized goat breed is three to five months old, it weighs between 25 and 50 pounds and is ready for butchering.
Small stature goat breeds, such as Nigerian Dwarf and Pygmy goats, require much longer to reach the same weight and must be wintered over before butchering.
Goat youngsters normally do not have a high body fat ratio until they are more than 12 months old.
Because of the slow rate of body fat development, many goat farmers who can afford it winter over their herd in order to get a higher market price for the larger goat.
Dairy goat herds usually have one Billy goat for every five to seven doelings or nanny goats. The breed of goat you buy will determine how many times the nanny or doeling can reproduce in a given year.
Typically, a mother goat produces one kid at her first kidding but subsequently has twins or even triplets in subsequent kiddings.
A female goat is not milked until she has completed nursing her offspring, which is normally when they are two months old.
It is prohibited in all 50 states to sell raw milk, but dairy goat farmers can sell shares in their herd, allowing the holder to milk the goat they own a portion of.
Most jurisdictions allow the sale of goat milk for the production of soap and other beauty goods. It can also be sold to companies that will pasteurize the milk and resell it.
Up to February, goats can easily browse for food in a woodland location, eating twigs, dead leaves, and various vegetation.
They were even digging their noses into the snow to find it. Goat herds are frequently farmed out in rural regions to both residential and commercial customers who require land clearing. This saves goat farmers a lot of money on feed.
The farmer or homesteader profits from the rental agreement and feeds their goats without compromising their own browsing material.
All while fattening up their meat goats for the fall butchering season. A small herd of only 10 goats may clear an acre of highly wooded land in 30 days or less.
There are numerous variables that must be considered before addressing such a critical issue.
First, assess how much space the goats will have to roam and what kind of browsing material is available within these bounds.
Feed prices will also vary depending on where you live. If the goatherd can browse for at least half of its food all year, it will be far cheaper to feed each one during the winter months.
If you reside on a big acreage farm or homestead, baling your own hay to offer the goat herd's dietary staple will also considerably save feed expenses, particularly during the winter months.
However, you will need to buy or rent baling equipment to attach to your tractor.
Both can be costly investments. If you have an older farm tractor without contemporary hydraulics, finding baling attachments from a commercial supplier will be difficult to impossible.
A local farmer may still have usable equipment available for rent.
Grain feed must be purchased to supplement what the goat herd browses to eat, or to replace browsing meals totally if you live on a tiny homestead.
The price of a 50-pound bag of sweet mix grain feed and - or cracked corn will vary based on where you live.
A 50-pound bag of quality feed costs $8 to $10 in my rural Ozark location, but in other areas, the price might easily range from $12 to $20 per bag.
A mature goat will consume approximately two pounds of feed per day, whether it be grain, hay, browsing material, or a combination of the three.
If you have a pond or creek on your property, you will save a lot of time and money on watering the goat herds.
If your water source is a well, which is typical in rural regions, expect your electric cost to rise if the goat herd does not have access to a natural water source.
A grown goat can drink half a gallon to three gallons of water per day. Lactating nanny goats or does drink more water than they would usually when not nursing or being milked.
The cost of constructing a barn or livestock to house the goats and protect them from the elements is critical.
Even if you let your goats roam freely, fencing is required. Our goats have free reign over our 40 acres.
The boundaries are fenced, and there are various gates that separate the pastures from each other and from the hayfields, as well as the entry to our half-mile gravel farm road.
To keep goats in, high tensile fencing panels, hog panels, or a combination of electric fencing, barbed wire, and wood fencing will be required.
To prevent standard-sized goats from climbing or jumping over the fence, it must be four feet tall. The cost of the appropriate fencing and pen gate will be determined by the size of the space.
If your goats do not have access to a natural water source, feeder, or small feeder for free choice snacks such as baking soda, salt blocks, or other supplements, they will require a waterer.
And possibly a hay ring. Depending on how many feeders you need, the total cost of these components could range from $100 to $300.
However, if you get rubber waterers and feeders rather than plastic, you will not have to replace them for a decade.
Goats are low-maintenance animals that can generally fend for themselves. However, they are easy prey for common predators such as coyotes, wolves, and even domesticated dogs.
Kids, particularly those of little stature, can be attacked by a fox or become prey to a hawk who swoops down and grabs it from the barnyard in seconds.
In addition to becoming aware of predators in your area and taking precautions to keep them out of your goat barn, you must also keep vaccine and worming regimens in mind.
Most goats' hooves must be trimmed every six months. I've never had to trim hooves on my goats because they roam freely across rugged terrain.
Even if you keep your goats confined, you may provide them with a natural rocky landscape and browsing experience by placing rocks, cinder blocks, and other climbing structures in their enclosure.
Planting shrubs and tiny trees for the herd to eat as well.