KuneKunes

Therapy

Community

KuneKune Pigs: A Surefire Way to Make Money

In fields of green, where pigs do roam, KuneKune they're called, a breed well-known. With curly hair and snouts so fine, These pigs, oh how they can be quite divine. In farms and homesteads, they find their place, For KuneKune pigs bring profits with grace.  

Ideal for Any size Farm

Kunekune piglets may cost anywhere from $650 to $900 or more, , which is pretty considerable given the size of the litter.If a sow produces 6 to 8 piglets twice a year, you may make between $8,000 and $14,000 by selling only the piglets. These charges apply if you are a registered breeder.
There are many different sorts of pigs, but today I'll concentrate on the little ones known as Kunekune pigs, which are popular with young farmers. Beginner farmers often chose Kunekune pigs as their primary breed or as a supplemental one.

During talks with several owners of this breed, I discovered that these farmers often chose Kunekune pigs based on love at first sight, rather than characteristics such as purpose, compatibility, or profitability.

So, why are these new pig producers making this decision? Could it be that they fell in love with these miniature pigs just because of their size and appearance?

Kunekune Piglets and Sow

Is it more than that? Despite their look and popular notion, is it actually worthwhile to raise these pigs on farms or homesteads? Are there more benefits than disadvantages? Is their growth rate good? Is their meat healthy to eat?

In this piece, I will answer all of your concerns and help you make an educated choice about whether or not to raise this breed. The information I offer will also be useful for individuals looking to purchase or retain this breed as a pet.

Kunekune is a little domestic pig and a rare heritage breed that originated in New Zealand in the early nineteenth century, when it was predominantly farmed for human use.

The Kunekune pig is a popular pet in places like Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Good to know: Due to biosecurity concerns, this small pig cannot be imported or reared as a pet in Australia.

Kunekune Pig Characteristics:
The Kunekune pig distinguishes out from other pig breeds because of its unusual and distinctive morphological qualities. Let us examine each physical characteristic of the Kunekune pig separately.

Size of kunekune pig.

Kunekune pigs may grow to be 24 to 36 inches (60-90 cm) tall and 48 inches (122 cm) long.

Color

Kunekune pig hues might be black, white, brown, ginger, gold, or any combination of these. Individual Kunekune pigs may display a broad range of colors and patterns, making them highly beautiful.


Body

Kunekune Body Characteristics:

Kunekune pigs' bodies are small and rounded, with a pronounced belly.

Legs

Kunekune pigs have lengthy legs in relation to their body size. They complement the rounded body form and adequately sustain the pig's total weight.


Face

Kunekune - Characteristics: Head and Face

The Kunekune pig's face is spherical, with two tiny eyes and a short snout.

Ears

Kunekune pigs' ears are tiny and vary in form. Some pigs have upright ears, while others may have slightly curled or folded ones. The particular ear shape varies from pig to pig.

Hooves and Claws

They have small black hooves that give great support for their weight. They require their hooves trimmed once or twice a year.

Hair

Kunekune pigs have long hair, which may be smooth and silky or curly.

Lifespan

Kunekune pigs generally live 8 to 16 years. This lengthy lifetime ranks them with other historical pig breeds recognized for their longevity, such as Mangalica pigs and Red Wattle pigs.

Growth Rate

Kunekune Growth Rate

Kunekune pigs have a moderate growth rate because they mature gradually, which may be altered by variables such as genetics and food.

How quickly do Kunekune pigs grow?

Kunekune pigs do not grow quickly. A Kunekune pig normally grows to full size in around 1 to 1.5 years, or 12 to 15 months.

While Kunekune pigs may not grow to the same size and weight as bigger pig breeds like the Idaho Pasture pig, their slower growth rate helps to create their own traits. They may build a large coating of fat due to their lengthy growing phase.

Weight

Kunekune Pig Weight

An adult Kunekune pig may weigh between 200 and 440 pounds (90 and 200 kg).

Females often weigh less than men. During their first year of life, they acquire an average of 0.5 to 0.7 pounds (0.2 to 0.3 kg) every week.

Slaughter Time

Kunekune pigs may be butchered around 12 to 15 months of age, or when they weigh 110 to 150 pounds (50-70 kilograms).

Temperament And Behavior

Kunekune pigs are noted for their nice, peaceful, and submissive nature and demeanor.

They are quite friendly with people as well as other farm animals such as ducks, dogs, cats, and chickens. They like being around other people and are often looking for ways to engage.

Kunekune Pig Temperament and Behaviour

They do not flourish in solitude and benefit from the company of their own kind. I propose that you keep at least two pigs together so that they may live and play.

When around people and children, they behave similarly to dogs. They like following their owners around and engaging in recreational activities.

This pig breed is known for its intelligence and can be taught to do a variety of tricks.

it is critical for anyone who wish to keep these small pigs as pets to be aware of their intellect and give appropriate mental stimulation. Without it, kids may get bored and engage in harmful conduct in their home surroundings. Playing games and giving puzzles might assist to alleviate their boredom.

Kunekune Piglets

Despite their amiable and social character, Kunekune pigs like their own company. If the owner is unable to pay continual attention, they may manage their own activities including rooting, grazing, and wallowing in mud.

Kunekune pigs have a natural tendency to graze and a strong preference for grass. These pigs, like other pasture pig breeds, root and dig as part of their instinctive hunt for food and exploration of their surroundings.

Another distinguishing feature of Kunekune pigs is their noisy disposition. They are noted for being noisy and communicating with squeals, growls, and other noises to convey their feelings.

Meat

Yes, Kunekune pigs are excellent meat producers and may be bred expressly for that reason. These small domestic pigs provide crimson marbled meat with a particular taste.

Kunekune pig meat contains a high proportion of lean meat to fat, making it prized for its marbling and softness. If allowed to accumulate more fat, they may create a significant quantity of lard. Kunekune pigs may be termed lard pigs to a large degree.

Kunekune Meat

The meat has a somewhat sweet flavor, and the fat adds to its juiciness and appealing texture. It is high in vitamin D, as well as other vitamins and minerals that humans benefit from, particularly via their food.


The flesh from these pigs may be used to make bacon and handmade meat products like sausages. Also, the fresh pieces of Kunekune pig meat are ideal for barbecue and grilling.


Growing Kunekune Pigs

Growing Kunekune pigs is a simple task that a homesteader or small farm owner may readily do. Their low-maintenance nature and autonomous personality need minimum care, saving the owner time and energy.

Feeding

Kunekune pigs may be fed fruit, vegetables, grass, hay, and grains.

During the summer season, grass makes up a large amount of their diet. They are natural foragers that spend a lot of time grazing and rummaging for food like grubs, worms, insects, beetles, and more.

Kunekune pigs thrive on a high-fiber diet, which may be supplemented with kitchen leftovers, garden scraps, fruits such as pumpkins, peaches, mulberries, and apples, legumes, nuts like hazelnuts, chestnuts, and acorns, and dairy products.

Kunekune pigs may be fed hay and grains in the winter or during periods of low vegetation. So, after the greenery is gone or everything is blanketed in snow, I recommend beginning to feed them hog pellets and alfalfa pellets.

By mixing alfalfa pellets with hog pellets, you may reduce their calorie intake and protein levels. To keep them hydrated, pre-soak their food for a few hours before feeding them.

To sustain their health, they must consume appropriate amounts of selenium and protein, especially lysine. In addition, you may complement their everyday meals with vitamins and minerals.

A Kunekune pig's feeding schedule may be similar to that of most farms, with their daily quantity divided into two pieces, one in the morning and one in the afternoon.

But, how much do these pigs eat?

A Kunekune pig of 12 months may take roughly 1.70 to 2.5 lbs (0.7-1.3 kg) of hog feed per day, however an adult pig, meaning one that is older than 12 months, can consume up to 1.70 lbs (0.7 kg).

Don't feed Kunekune pigs tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, pepper plants, or nightshades. Also, don't feed them moldy foods, cakes, pastries, or deli meat.

Another key component of feeding Kunekune pigs is keeping track of how much food they eat. Kunekune pigs have a propensity to acquire weight quickly, thus it is critical that they be not overfed.

How much does it cost to feed a Kunekune pig?

It costs about $300 to feed a Kunekune pig for 9-12 months, which is less than typical pig breeds despite the extended feeding time.

With a daily intake of 1.7 lbs (0.7 kg), a regular 44 lb (20 kilogram) feed bag can feed a Kunekune pig for more than 25 days.

A weaner pig will eat around 14.6 bags (643 lbs - 290kg) of feed over the course of its 9-12 month life until it reaches the appropriate weight for slaughter. This cost is based on an estimate of $22 per feed bag.

Environment

Kunekune pigs thrive on homesteads or small farms with plenty of open room to roam. Pastures and orchards are fantastic possibilities for Kunekune pigs to grow and stay healthy.

Given their intellect and curiosity, these pigs demand freedom and plenty of room for cerebral stimulation. This may include manipulative items as well as defined rooting locations.

Kunekune pigs benefit significantly from having a large outside space or pasture where they may freely dig and graze. To protect the pigs' safety, enclose the perimeter with an electric fence.

Climate

Kunekune pigs can adapt to most climatic conditions, making them suitable for a variety of situations.

Shelter

Kunekune pigs need protection to avoid adverse weather conditions such as rain, sun, and wind, providing their safety and comfort.

During the winter season, the shelter keeps the pigs warm. It is advised to offer straw bedding in cooler weather to keep them warm and healthy.

In the summer, they seek protection from the sun. They also benefit from having a wallow to cool themselves in, and the mud keeps mosquitoes at away.

How many pigs per acre?

You may keep 4 to 6 Kunekune pigs per acre. The exact quantity may vary based on the amount of accessible vegetation.

Breeding Kunekune Pigs

To breed Kunekune pigs, introduce a boar to the gilt and allow them to mate successfully.

Kunekune boars and females attain sexual maturity and become reproductive at eight months of age.

The peak of sexual maturity occurs around 12 months of age, particularly in boars, when they acquire a broad shield over their shoulders and larger tusks that continue to grow until 18 months of age.

The female may become fertile at the age of eight months, but it is best to wait until she is ten months. She is normally fertile every 18 to 22 days, with a heat time window of 8 to 48 hours. When the female is in heat, you can see that the vulva swells and her behavior alters.

Kunekune pigs have a gestation period of 116 days, which is comparable to three months, three weeks, and three days. After farrowing, the female may be bred again if she is introduced to a boar. Allowing your sows to mate in this way will result in a maximum of 2 liters every 11-12 months. Always monitor your sow's health before permitting another pregnancy.

Kunekune pigs have an average litter size of 6 to 8 piglets. Sometimes a sow's first litter might be bigger, with 10 to 12 piglets.

Kunekune pigs have great mothering abilities and often need little assistance during farrowing. The sow takes care of her piglets and generates an abundance of milk. Just be careful if the sow is bigger, since she may accidently crush the piglets while sitting on them.

One piece of advise I have is to feed the sow separately once she has farrowed. This is because she gets too enthusiastic when she spots food that might hurt the baby piglets. It is fantastic to give her with a separate area where she may feed without endangering the piglets.

Health Issues:

Some of the most prevalent health issues in Kunekune pigs include:

Obesity

Dental difficulties - Their jaw structure might occasionally result in inadequate room for tooth development. This may lead to complications including enlarged or misplaced teeth.

Skin problems caused by mange or lice infestation.

Eye infections may occur when facial hair enters the eyes.

Respiratory problems, especially pneumonia.

Is it worth raising Kunekune pigs?

Profitability

The Kunekune pig breed may be a successful enterprise, providing a significant revenue for a small farm.

You may generate money by focusing on both the pet and meat manufacturing markets.

Despite their delayed development, you may begin selling Kunekune piglets to other farmers, producers, and those looking to become pet owners.

Kunekune piglets cost between $650 and $900, which is pretty considerable given the size of the litter.

If a sow produces 6 to 8 piglets twice a year, you may make between $8,000 and $14,000 by selling only the piglets. These charges apply if you are a registered breeder.

You may also sell boars and gilts to people who want to breed them.

Kunekune boars and gilts cost between $800 and $1,000 each.

Another way to make money is to sell the meat to local businesses. The price of Kunekune pig meat ranges from $7 to $8.5 per pound.

Personally, I believe that focusing on the pet industry will provide a higher return. Once the piglets are born and have reached the age when they no longer depend on the sow, you may sell them without having to care for them or spend money feeding them. Those interested in tiny pigs as pets sometimes choose to get them at an early age since they are simpler to teach.

Personal Use.

Kunekune pigs are an excellent alternative for homesteaders.

These pigs are a pleasure to raise because of their amiable personality and modest size, as well as their relative independence and ease of care.

Allow them to graze and root, and you will end up with a fair quantity of red and marbled meat, which is ideal for steaks and can even be utilized to make handmade items.

When a Kunekune pig is killed at 110 to 120 pounds (50-55 kilograms), it may generate 80 to 90 pounds (35-40 kilograms) of meat. You may also acquire fat for cooking and baking.

Advantages and disadvantages.

Kunekune pigs have advantages and disadvantages, which are also determined by the grower's major aims.

Advantages: Disadvantages include:

Excellent temperament and personality, but slow development rate.

Due to their tiny size, they are simple to maintain and contain a limited amount of meat.

Good mothering abilities may lead to obesity, resulting in more fat content than lean meat.

Large litter size requires grooming, including trimming.

They are a sturdy pig breed.

Market Opportunities for Pets and Meat

Kunekune Piglets Castration

Quick Links

KuneKunes for Sale

Therapy Pig Program

What is COI?

Feeding your KuneKune

Breeding Your KuneKune

KuneKunes as Pets

Vaccines & Worming

Hoof Care

Fencing

Farrowing 

Pasture Raised Pork

Learn Before Your Buy

Do KuneKunes Root?

Potty Train your KuneKune

Treating Mites

Treating Pneumonia

KuneKune Pig Size

Blood Lines